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马克思主义中国化最新成果研究报告.2016

邓纯东

马克思主义 发展 研究报告 中国 2016

2017-11-01

978-7-5203-1613-2

7次

261页

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内容简介

党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央围绕坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,深化对共产党执政规律、社会主义建设规律和人类社会发展规律的认识,提出一系列治国理政新理念新思想新战略,丰富和发展了中国特色社会主义理论体系,开辟了21世纪马克思主义发展新境界,续写了中国特色社会主义新篇章。党的十八大以来,党和国家各项事业之所以能够取得一系列重要成就,最根本的就在于有习近平总书记系列重要讲话和治国理政新理念新思想新战略的科学指引。
一 习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神的主要内容
习近平总书记系列重要讲话内涵丰富、博大精深,围绕党在新形势下治国理政,提出了一系列相互联系、相互贯通的新理念新思想新战略,涉及生产力和生产关系、经济基础和上层建筑各个环节,涵盖经济、政治、文化、社会、生态文明建设和党的建设各个领域,包括坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标,实现中华民族伟大复兴中国梦,“五位一体”总体布局,“四个全面”战略布局,以新发展理念引领经济发展新常态,供给侧结构性改革,中国特色社会主义民主政治,意识形态领域斗争和文化强国战略,以人民为中心的发展思想,实施精准扶贫和打赢扶贫攻坚战,构建人类命运共同体,严肃党内政治生活,把党建工作作为最大政绩,总体国家安全观,中国特色强军之路,等等。这些新理念新思想新战略,已经初步形成了一个系统完整、逻辑严密的科学理论体系,为坚持和发展中国特色社会主义、实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标和中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦提供了科学的理论指导和行动指南。
二 习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神的重大理论和实践指导意义
习近平总书记系列重要讲话是中国特色社会主义理论体系的最新成果,是马克思主义在当代中国的新发展,具有丰富的时代内容和思想内涵,具有重大的政治意义、理论意义、实践意义和方法论意义。
习近平总书记系列重要讲话丰富和发展了中国特色社会主义理论体系的内容。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央团结带领全党全军和全国各族人民高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜,在改革发展稳定、内政外交国防、治党治国治军等各方面取得了一系列具有重要现实意义和深远历史意义的成就,把中国特色社会主义伟大事业推向了新的阶段,进一步坚持、丰富和发展了科学社会主义理论。习近平同志强调:“中国特色社会主义是社会主义而不是其他什么主义,科学社会主义基本原则不能丢,丢了就不是社会主义。”中国特色社会主义,是科学社会主义理论逻辑和中国社会发展历史逻辑的辩证统一,是根植于中国大地、反映中国人民意愿、适应中国和时代发展进步要求的、进一步创新发展的科学社会主义。中国特色社会主义理论与实践越来越显示出强大的比较优势和无比巨大的吸引力。
习近平总书记系列重要讲话是马克思主义中国化的最新成果。习近平总书记指出:“马克思主义是我们立党立国的根本指导思想。背离或放弃马克思主义,我们党就会失去灵魂、迷失方向。”党的十八大以来,习近平总书记坚持运用马克思主义立场、观点、方法研究解决新的实践课题,高度重视推进实践创新基础上的理论创新,强调要根据时代变化和实践发展,不断深化认识,不断总结经验,提出了一系列富有创见的重要思想观点,开辟了马克思主义中国化新境界。在新的历史条件下,不断推进马克思主义中国化是中国共产党不断取得成功的宝贵经验。掌握和运用马克思主义的立场、观点和方法,是我们克敌制胜、做好一切工作的看家本领。我们要坚持用马克思主义中国化最新理论成果武装全党,坚持以发展着的马克思主义指导新的实践,又努力从实践中作出新的理论概括,并把实践中已见成效的方针政策及时上升为党和国家的制度,将道路、理论体系、制度、文化统一于中国特色社会主义伟大实践中。通过发展马克思主义,我们能够更好地坚持马克思主义,有效抵御各种错误思潮的干扰和影响,不断开辟21世纪马克思主义发展的新境界,让当代中国马克思主义放射出更加灿烂的真理光芒。
习近平总书记系列重要讲话是实现中国梦、建设社会主义现代化的理论指南。建设富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家,实现中华民族伟大复兴,是鸦片战争以来中国人民最伟大的梦想,是中华民族的最高利益和根本利益。今天,我们13亿多人的一切奋斗归根到底都是为了实现这一伟大目标。为了实现这一伟大目标,我们党确立了“两个一百年”奋斗目标,就是到2020年实现国内生产总值和城乡居民人均收入比2010年翻一番,全面建成小康社会;到21世纪中叶建成富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家,实现中华民族伟大复兴。为了实现这个伟大目标,以习近平同志为核心的党中央在科学总结历史发展经验的基础上,确定了协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,提出“创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享”五大发展理念,明确发展新思路,诠释发展新格局。在经济领域,发挥市场在资源配置中的决定作用,更好地发挥政府的作用,加快实施创新驱动发展战略,推进供给侧改革,适应、把握、引领经济发展新常态;在政治领域充分发挥社会主义民主政治;在文化领域建设社会主义文化强国;在社会领域改善民生和创新社会治理;在生态领域大力推进生态文明建设,努力建设“美丽中国”,实现中华民族永续发展等。可以说,现在,我们比历史上任何时期都更接近实现中华民族伟大复兴的目标,比历史上任何时期都更有信心、更有能力实现这个目标。
习近平总书记系列重要讲话是加强党的建设、继续推进全面从严治党的指导思想。办好中国的事情,关键在党,关键在党要管党、从严治党。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央以雷霆之势,坚持推进全面从严治党,坚持思想建党和制度治党紧密结合,保持党的先进性和纯洁性,着力提高执政能力和领导水平,深入开展群众路线教育,加强党的纪律建设,严格党纪,严厉打击党内的腐败分子,既打“老虎”又拍“苍蝇”,着力增强抵御风险和拒腐防变能力,取得了一系列重大胜利,为开创党和国家事业的新局面提供了重要保证。继续推进全面从严治党,加强和规范党内政治生活,必须牢固树立政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识,坚定不移地维护党中央权威和党中央集中统一领导,以党章为根本遵循,坚持党的政治路线、思想路线、组织路线、群众路线,着力增强党内政治生活的政治性、时代性、原则性、战斗性,着力增强党的自我净化、自我完善、自我革新、自我提高能力,着力提高党的领导水平和执政水平、增强拒腐防变和抵御风险的能力,着力维护党中央权威、保证党的团结统一、保持党的先进性和纯洁性,努力在全党形成又有集中又有民主、又有纪律又有自由、又有统一意志又有个人心情舒畅生动活泼的政治局面,确保党团结带领人民不断开创中国特色社会主义事业新局面。
习近平总书记系列重要讲话把中国特色社会主义建设中的历史经验,运用于新时期,解决新问题,推动新实践,丰富和发展了科学社会主义理论,推进了马克思主义中国化、时代化和大众化。习近平总书记指出:“当今世界,要说哪个政党、哪个国家、哪个民族能够自信的话,那中国共产党、中华人民共和国、中华民族是最有理由自信的。”中国特色社会主义道路,是在马克思主义的指导下,在实践中不断摸索、发展的,是根据国情,在解决中国面临的问题的过程中形成的。中国的发展植根于中国的土壤,具有自己独特的经验。历史和现实告诉我们,中国特色社会主义,既是我们必须不断推进的伟大事业,又是我们开辟未来的根本保证。展望未来,我们一定要坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想和科学发展观为指导,深入贯彻习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神和治国理政新理念新思想新战略,坚定中国特色社会主义道路自信、理论自信、制度自信和文化自信,为人类对更好社会制度的探索提供中国方案。
三 加强对习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神的学习、研究和宣传,是当代中国马克思主义理论工作者的最重要的任务
习近平总书记系列重要讲话贯穿的立场、观点和方法,体现在治国理政新理念新思想新战略之中,体现在中国特色社会主义伟大实践之中,集中反映了当代中国共产党人的政治品格、价值追求和精神风范。习近平总书记系列重要讲话坚持马克思主义基本原理,紧密结合当代中国的国情和时代特征,不断推进马克思主义中国化,为21世纪中国马克思主义的发展奠定了强大的思想基础。
加强对习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神的学习、研究和宣传,哲学社会科学具有不可替代的重要地位,哲学社会科学工作者具有不可替代的重要作用。深入学习、研究、宣传习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神,最重要的就是深入理解和掌握贯穿其中的马克思主义立场、观点、方法。
为深入学习马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观,特别是深入学习习近平总书记系列重要讲话精神和治国理政新理念新思想新战略,我院组织编写了《马克思主义中国化最新成果研究报告》。这是我们把马克思主义的学术研究、理论宣传和现实应用有机结合起来,服务于中国和世界社会主义事业而作出的一种努力、贡献的一份智慧。

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has focused on adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, deepened its understanding of the laws governing the Communist Party, socialist construction and the development of human society, put forward a series of new concepts, ideas and strategies for governing the country, enriched and developed the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, opened up a new realm of Marxist development in the 21st century, and continued to write a new chapter of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the most fundamental reason why the Party and the country have achieved a series of important achievements in various undertakings is that they have been guided by General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches and new concepts, ideas and strategies for governing the country. I. The main content of the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches is rich in content, broad and profound, focusing on the party's governance of the country under the new situation, and put forward a series of interconnected and interconnected new concepts, ideas and strategies, involving productive forces and production relations, economic foundation and superstructure, covering all fields of economy, politics, culture, society, ecological civilization construction and party building, including adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the "two centenary goals", To realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the overall layout of the "five-in-one" and the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, leading the new normal of economic development with new development concepts, supply-side structural reform, socialist democratic politics with Chinese characteristics, ideological struggles and cultural strengthening strategies, people-centered development thinking, implementing targeted poverty alleviation and winning the battle for poverty alleviation, building a community with a shared future for mankind, serious inner-party political life, taking party building as the greatest achievement, overall national security concept, and the road to strengthening the military with Chinese characteristics, Wait a minute. These new concepts, ideas and strategies have initially formed a systematic, complete and logical scientific theoretical system, providing scientific theoretical guidance and action guidelines for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, realizing the "two centenary goals" and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. II. Major Theoretical and Practical Guiding Significance of the Spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Series of Important Speeches, the latest achievement of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a new development of Marxism in contemporary China, which has rich content and ideological connotations of the times and has great political, theoretical, practical and methodological significance. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches have enriched and developed the content of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has united and led the whole Party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country to hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and has made a series of achievements of great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance in reform, development and stability, internal and foreign affairs, national defense, and the management of the party and the country, pushing the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics to a new stage, and further adhering, enriching and developing the theory of scientific socialism. Comrade Xi Jinping stressed: "Socialism with Chinese characteristics is socialism and not any other ism, and the basic principles of scientific socialism cannot be lost. "Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the dialectical unity of the theoretical logic of scientific socialism and the historical logic of China's social development, and is scientific socialism rooted in the Chinese land, reflecting the will of the Chinese people, adapting to the development and progress requirements of China and the times, and further innovating and developing. The theory and practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics have increasingly shown strong comparative advantages and incomparably great appeal. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches are the latest achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "Marxism is the fundamental guiding ideology for building our party and state. If we deviate from or abandon Marxism, our Party will lose its soul and lose its direction. "Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has insisted on using Marxist positions, viewpoints and methods to study and solve new practical issues, attached great importance to promoting theoretical innovation on the basis of practical innovation, stressed the need to continuously deepen understanding and sum up experience according to the changes of the times and the development of practice, and put forward a series of innovative and important ideological views, opening up a new realm of Sinicization of Marxism. Under the new historical conditions, continuously promoting the Sinicization of Marxism is a valuable experience of the CPC's continuous success. Mastering and applying Marxist stands, viewpoints, and methods is our housekeeping ability to defeat the enemy and do all our work well. We must persist in arming the whole party with the latest theoretical achievements of Sinicization of Marxism, persist in guiding new practice with the developing Marxism, strive to make new theoretical generalizations from practice, and promptly upgrade the principles and policies that have achieved results in practice to the system of the party and the state, and unify the road, theoretical system, system, and culture in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Through the development of Marxism, we can better adhere to Marxism, effectively resist the interference and influence of various erroneous trends of thought, constantly open up a new realm for the development of Marxism in the 21st century, and let contemporary Chinese Marxism radiate a more brilliant light of truth. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches are a theoretical guide for realizing the Chinese dream and building socialist modernization. Building a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, and harmonious modern socialist country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are the greatest dreams of the Chinese people since the Opium War and the supreme and fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. Today, all the struggles of more than 1.3 billion of us are, in the final analysis, aimed at achieving this great goal. In order to achieve this great goal, our party has established the "two centenary goals", that is, to double the GDP and per capita income of urban and rural residents compared with 2010 by 2020, and build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way; By the middle of the 21st century, we will build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, and harmonious modern socialist country and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. In order to achieve this great goal, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, on the basis of scientifically summing up historical development experience, has determined the "four comprehensive" strategic layout for coordinated promotion, put forward five major development concepts of "innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing", clarified new development ideas, and interpreted the new pattern of development. In the economic field, give play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, better play the role of the government, accelerate the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, promote supply-side reform, and adapt, grasp and lead the new normal of economic development; Give full play to socialist democracy in the political field; building a socialist cultural power in the field of culture; Improving people's livelihood and innovating social governance in the social field; In the ecological field, vigorously promote the construction of ecological civilization, strive to build a "beautiful China", and realize the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. It can be said that we are now closer to realizing the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history, and we are more confident and capable of achieving this goal than at any time in history. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches are the guiding ideology for strengthening party building and continuing to promote comprehensive and strict party management. The key to running China's affairs well lies in the party, and the key lies in the party managing the party and administering the party strictly. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has persisted in promoting the strict management of the Party in an all-round way, adhered to the close integration of ideological party building and system management of the Party, maintained the advanced nature and purity of the Party, focused on improving the ruling ability and leadership level, carried out in-depth mass line education, strengthened the building of Party discipline, strictly enforced Party discipline, severely cracked down on corrupt elements within the Party, hit both "tigers" and "flies", and focused on enhancing the ability to resist risks and resist corruption and degeneration, and achieved a series of major victories. It has provided an important guarantee for opening up a new situation in the cause of the party and the state. To continue to promote the strict management of the party in an all-round way and to strengthen and standardize inner-party political life, it is necessary to firmly establish political awareness, awareness of the overall situation, core awareness, and awareness of alignment, unswervingly safeguard the authority of the party Central Committee and the centralized and unified leadership of the party Central Committee, take the party constitution as the fundamental observance, adhere to the party's political, ideological, organizational and mass lines, focus on enhancing the political, epochal, principled, and combative nature of inner-party political life, and strive to enhance the party's ability to purify, improve, renovate and improve itself. Efforts should be made to improve the party's leadership and ruling standards, enhance its ability to resist corruption, guard against degeneration and resist risks, safeguard the authority of the party Central Committee, ensure the unity and unity of the party, and maintain the party's advanced nature and purity, and strive to form a political situation in the whole party that is both centralized and democratic, disciplined and free, unified in will, and comfortable and lively in the individual's mood, so as to ensure that the party unites and leads the people to constantly open up a new situation in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches have applied the historical experience in the construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics to the new era, solved new problems, promoted new practices, enriched and developed the theory of scientific socialism, and promoted the Sinicization, eraization and popularization of Marxism. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "In today's world, if any political party, country or nation can be confident, then the Communist Party of China, the People's Republic of China and the Chinese nation have the most reason to be confident." "The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, under the guidance of Marxism, has been continuously explored and developed in practice, and has been formed in the process of solving the problems facing China according to the national conditions. China's development is rooted in Chinese soil and has its own unique experience. History and reality tell us that socialism with Chinese characteristics is not only a great cause that we must continue to advance, but also a fundamental guarantee for us to open up the future. Looking to the future, we must adhere to the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of "three represents" and the scientific outlook on development, thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches and the new concepts and new ideas and strategies for governing the country, strengthen our confidence in the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and provide Chinese solutions for mankind's exploration of a better social system. 3. Strengthening the study, research and publicity of the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches is the most important task for Marxist theorists in contemporary China, and the positions, viewpoints and methods that run through General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches are embodied in the new concepts and new ideas and strategies for governing the country, and in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and reflect in a concentrated way the political character, value pursuit and spiritual style of contemporary Chinese communists. General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches adhere to the basic principles of Marxism, closely combine the national conditions of contemporary China and the characteristics of the times, and continuously promote the Sinicization of Marxism, laying a strong ideological foundation for the development of Marxism in China in the 21st century. To strengthen the study, research and publicity of the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches, philosophy and social sciences have an irreplaceable and important position, and philosophy and social science workers have an irreplaceable and important role. To deeply study, study and publicize the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches, the most important thing is to deeply understand and master the Marxist positions, viewpoints and methods that run through them. In order to deeply study Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of "three represents" and the scientific outlook on development, especially the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important speeches and the new concepts and new ideas and strategies for governing the country, our institute organized and compiled the "Research Report on the Latest Achievements of the Sinicization of Marxism". This is a kind of wisdom that we have made by organically combining Marxist academic research, theoretical propaganda and practical application to serve the cause of socialism in China and the world.(AI翻译)

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