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“中产阶级”与资本主义的历史归宿:以当代西方社会为例

宋丽丹

中等资产阶级 研究 资本主义

2017-04-01

978-7-5203-0550-1

3次

293页

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内容简介

当代西方“中产阶级”概念规避人在社会生产关系及经济结构中的地位,仅以收入、职业等非本质的、宽泛的标准来定义“中产阶级”。于是,除了极富和极穷者外,无产阶级、小资产阶级甚至资产阶级都被划归为“中产阶级”,混淆和解构了科学的阶级概念。但自20世纪80年代尤其是进入21世纪以来,西方出现了“中产阶级危机”:“中产阶级”规模在缩小,极富的“上层阶级”和极穷的“下层阶级”却不断扩大,尤其是后者扩大的速度比前者要快,社会结构日益“金字塔化”。在2008年全球经济危机的催化下,西方社会陷入了全方位的危机状态,阶级矛盾日趋尖锐。事实证明,马克思对资本主义社会日益分裂为两大直接对立阶级的断言仍然是正确的,这两大对立阶级的斗争必然要导致无产阶级专政,而这个专政不过是达到消灭一切阶级和进入无阶级社会的过渡。

The contemporary Western concept of "middle class" avoids people's status in social production relations and economic structure, and only defines "middle class" based on non-essential and broad criteria such as income and occupation. Thus, in addition to the extremely rich and the very poor, the proletariat, petty bourgeoisie and even the bourgeoisie are classified as "middle class", confusing and deconstructing the scientific concept of class. However, since the 80s of the 20th century, especially since the beginning of the 21st century, there has been a "middle class crisis" in the West: the size of the "middle class" is shrinking, and the extremely rich "upper class" and the extremely poor "lower class" are expanding, especially the latter is expanding faster than the former, and the social structure is increasingly "pyramidalized". Catalyzed by the global economic crisis in 2008, Western societies have fallen into a state of all-round crisis, and class contradictions have become increasingly acute. Facts have proved that Marx's assertion that capitalist society is increasingly divided into two directly opposed classes is still correct, and that the struggle between these two opposing classes will inevitably lead to the dictatorship of the proletariat, which is nothing more than a transition to the abolition of all classes and to a classless society.(AI翻译)

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